Jade plants are a mainstay in my plant collection, and they are one of my favorite indoor plants! They are easy to care for succulents, and they make great houseplants. There are several different types of jade plants too, I have four in my collection (and I love every one of them!). Keeping these gorgeous plants thriving for years to come is easy with these basic jade plant care tips.
Different Jade Plant Types
Like I mentioned above, there are lots of different types of jade plants, and I grow a few myself. In addition to the common jade plant (crassula) variety, I have the ‘Gollum’ variety which has really cool leaves that are long, narrow and rounded. I’ve also heard this variety of jade plant called E.T. fingers or baby toes. I have a dwarf jade plant too, which is perfect for growing in my miniature indoor succulent garden (this one didn’t have a tag when I got it so I’m not sure of the variety). It looks very similar to the regular one, but it’s much smaller (as the name would suggest). The other type of jade plant I have is called ‘Jitters’, and it has wavy leaves.
Jade Plant Care Tips
In my experience, the two main keys to successfully growing jade plants indoors is watering and light.
First, and probably the most important jade plant care tip is watering – they do not like to be over watered. Consistent over watering will kill them. If the plant is over watered on a regular basis, it will start to rot at the base. Be sure to always check the jade plant soil before watering it, and water only when the soil is completely dry. To check if your jade plant needs water, stick your finger one inch into the soil. If the soil is damp, don’t water it. You could also use a soil moisture gauge to help you monitor the moisture level. It’s better to err on the side of under watering this plant. I put my jade plants outside during the summer and only water them if we’re in a drought. During the winter, I water my jade plants about once a month, if they need it.
The second most important indoor jade plant care tip is light. Jade plants need a lot of light in order to grow strong and thick. They will start to grow weak and leggy if they aren’t getting enough light. It’s best to place jade plants next to a south facing window inside the house. If the plant isn’t getting enough light, consider adding a grow light. Indoor plant grow lights will help to give your jade plant enough light to thrive if you don’t have a sunny window to put it in. When jade plants get enough sunlight, the stem of the plant will grow thick start to look woody. Also, the leaf tips of the jade plant will turn red, making these plants even more beautiful.
Jade plants kept as houseplants will benefit from being moved to a full sun location outside during the summer. However, they are sensitive to sunburn, so it’s important to move them into the sun gradually over several weeks. Sun burned leaves will turn brown and the damaged area will die; most likely the leaf will eventually drop off. Severe sunburn may be fatal to jade plants. If you put your plant outside during the summer, be sure to bring it back inside before any chance of frost.
Related Post: Debugging and Cleaning Potted Plants
More Tips For Jade Plant Care
Like I said, water and light are the two most important things to pay attention to when it comes to successfully growing a jade plant indoors. But, there’s a lot more to it than that. So here are even more jade plant care tips that will help your plants not only survive, but will thrive (and live for years to come)!
Best Potting Soil For Jade Plant
General potting soil is adequate for growing jade plants, but it’s best to use a lightweight and quick draining succulent soil. You can buy succulent soil online, or anywhere general potting soil is sold. I make my own succulent soil mix, using a light mix of coarse play sand, potting soil and perlite. The best pot for jade plant houseplants is a clay pot, especially if you tend to overwater your plants. Clay pots will help to wick the water out of the soil, allowing it to dry out faster and lowering the chance of over watering.
Jade Plant Flowers
Whenever I post a photo of a jade plant blooming on social media, I get a ton of comments on it from people who had no idea that jade plants bloomed! It’s funny, because when you travel to the south during the winter, you see jade plants blooming all over the place. But here in the north where we have to grow jade plants indoors, it’s very rare to see a jade plant flowers!
In order to get your jade plant to bloom, you need to give it similar conditions to what it experiences when it’s grown outdoors. The trick is to expose it to cooler temperatures, allow the soil to dry out, and make sure it gets tons of light! I’ve had luck getting mine to bloom after bringing it indoors (by accident the first time!). I used to bring it in as soon as the heat of summer was over, but now I leave my jade outside until right before our first frost in the fall. Then I bring it inside, put it in a sunny spot, and allow the soil to dry out. That usually does the trick!
Propagating Jade Plants
Jade plants are extremely easy to propagate. They can be propagated from stem or leaf cuttings in slightly moist, well drained soil. I have found that summer is the easiest time for jade plant propagation. During the summer, many times a leaf will break off and start to grow roots in the soil without any help from me. If the stem of your jade plant is mushy and rotting due to over watering, you can save the plant by cutting off the stem a few inches above the rot, and then propagating it. Allow the cut area to dry for a few days before attempting to propagate the plant. Rooting hormone helps to speed up the process of propagating jade plants (and all plant cuttings), I highly recommend it.
Jade Plant Fertilizer
Jade plants will definitely benefit from being fed now and then, just like any other plant. But there are a few things you’ll want to keep in mind. First, don’t fertilize them during the fall and winter, they go into a dormant state during the winter and you don’t want to force new growth. Also, make sure the soil is moist before you add any houseplant fertilizer. If you add fertilizer when the soil is completely dry, you can damage your jade plant. Water it first, then give it some liquid fertilizer. And make sure you use an organic plant fertilizer on your jade plant. Chemical fertilizers can build up in the soil and damage sensitive plants. I recommend using a compost fertilizer, you can use a pre-made compost tea, or you can buy compost tea bags and brew your own. Fish emulsion and liquid kelp are also fantastic.
Healthy jade plants don’t usually have problems with pests. Mealybugs, scale and mites can become a problem on jade plant houseplants if not treated early. My jade plant had a minor infestation of mealybugs one winter. I treated it by dabbing a cotton swab in rubbing alcohol and using that to remove the bugs (you can use the same treatment for other pests infestations as well).
Neem oil is also very effective at controlling houseplant pests. When my jade was attacked by mealybugs, I used neem oil to get rid of them. After several weeks of doing this daily, the mealybugs were gone and I haven’t had a problem since. Organic insecticidal soap or a horticultural oil spray can also help to control houseplant pests. Be careful spraying anything on your jade plant though. Jade plants are sensitive to sprays, which could end up causing more damage than the bugs. If you choose to use a spray to treat a pest infestation, test a small area of the plant first, then wait a few days to make sure there’s no damage before spraying the whole plant.
Jade Plant Pruning
Pruning the leaves of jade plants will keep the plant compact, and allow the stem to grow thicker. Pinch off new growth or prune off leggy growth to encourage the plant to grow fuller and thicker. If you want, you could use the cuttings you trim off your jade plant to make new plants (see the propagation section above).
Related Post: How To Propagate Jade Plants
Jade plants are one of my favorite houseplants. They are low maintenance indoor succulent plants, easy to take care of, and they’re beautiful too. There are several varieties of jade plants, and it’s fun to collect them. If you follow these jade plant care tips, you’ll have no problem keeping your plant alive and thriving indoors!
- Succulents Simplified
- The Complete Book of Cacti & Succulents
- Idiot’s Guides: Succulents
- Growing Succulents Indoors
- Winter Houseplant Care
- Houseplant Pest Control
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- How to Propagate Jade Plants
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For more information about different types of houseplants to grow indoors, click here… Houseplant Types
Share your jade plant care tips in the comments section below.